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Overview of the Commercial lease

Rent out a whole building to a business using this commercial lease. This full repairing and insuring (FRI) lease helps to regulate the relationship between landlord and tenant up to a maximum of three years. Clearly set out a tenant's obligations including repairing and maintaining the building using this FRI lease. This lease allows for assignment and subletting of the whole premises and allows for exclusion of security of tenure. It also allows the tenant or landlord or both to break the lease within an agreed time period.

Use this commercial lease

if you are the freeholder of a whole building and want to rent out the whole building as:

  • an office
  • a warehouse for storage
  • a shop, or
  • a restaurant or café
  • to grant a lease of the whole of the property to another
  • to protect yourself and record the tenant's obligations in respect of the use of the property

This commercial lease covers

  • the rent to be paid
  • the tenant's responsibilities
  • the landlord's responsibilities
  • an optional break clause
  • security of tenure so that the tenant does not have an automatic right to stay at the property at the end of the term

A commercial lease is an agreement between a landlord and a business for the rental of a property. It allows a business to use a property for commercial purposes, and it sets out the rights and obligations of the landlord and tenant.

You need a commercial lease if you wish to carry on your business in a specific space. A commercial lease frames the relationship between landlord and tenant, and outlines the business purposes for which a property can be used. A carefully written commercial lease is essential to carry on your business properly, because as a tenant, you can only use the property for purposes that have been specifically set out in a 'permitted use of premises' clause.

A commercial lease is used for business purposes, whereas a residential lease is used for the rental of a home. A commercial lease is usually subject to more negotiation than a residential lease, but offers less protection to the tenant, because they do not personally reside inside the property. In particular, commercial leases are not subject to most consumer protection laws that govern residential tenancies, eg caps on security deposits or rules protecting a tenant's privacy.

An FRI (full repairing and insuring) lease means that all costs of maintenance, repair and insurance are born by the tenant.

Security of tenure gives the tenant the right to remain in the property, i.e. to renew their tenancy when their lease comes to an end. Short-term commercial leases are usually 'excluded' from the statutory right to a new lease when the current lease ends. For more information see Security of tenure.

A commercial lease may include a provision known as a 'break clause', which allows either party to end the lease early if the relevant notice provisions in the lease are met.

Ask a lawyer

  • if part of the property is residential or if there is more than one commercial tenant in the building
  • on agreeing a term sheet (heads of terms) detailing the key points of the lease before you start
  • on how to complete your lease once it is drafted
  • if the whole of the property is residential
  • if you want to let the property for longer than 3 years
  • if you want to allow your tenant to have the automatic right to stay in the property at the end of the term

This commercial lease of the whole property is governed by the law of England and Wales.

Other names for Commercial lease

FRI Lease, Full repairing and insuring lease, Commercial lease agreement and Commercial lease terms.