Recruit the right employee using this job specification to comprehensively and easily describe your vacancy. Advertise the position properly and attract the best candidate with this job description. This job specification covers how to apply, which essential and desirable skills are needed and what the role entails. Make sure you cover everything using this job specification example.
When should I use a job specification?
Use this job specification
- when you're advertising for a new member of staff
- if you're expanding your workforce or replacing employees who are moving on
- to clarify the requirements for a new position
- to ensure you are advertising a position in accordance with best practice
What's included in a job specification?
This job specification covers
- job description and responsibilities
- skills and qualifications requirements
- days and hours of work
- salary and staff benefits
- application process
What's a job description?
A job description sets out all the important details of a specific position within a company. It explains the remit of the role (eg. types of work involved and responsibilities), any requirements for applicants (eg. in terms of skills, experience and qualifications) and the benefits (eg. salary and other staff perks). A job description helps to ensure that only the most suitable candidates apply for the position and reduces time spent on filtering applications by management and HR. It also helps existing employees, who are moving to a different role within the company, to understand their new roles and responsibilities.
Do I need a job description?
Employees and candidates
Preparing comprehensive and accurate job descriptions forms a crucial part of the recruitment process. Whether you are advertising for a new position or need to replace an employee who is moving on, candidates (both internal and external) will need to understand the requirements of the role. As well as providing relevant details of work responsibilities, a job description can also help to attract new talent to your organisation, as part of an overall job advertisement.
A job description is not only important for job applicants, but also for line managers - particularly if they are new or not directly responsible for recruiting the new staff member (eg. if a more senior manager has decided to create a new role within the organisation). In this scenario, a job description can help the line manager to pick the right person for the job. Furthermore, it can help managers to evaluate the performance of an employee and gauge if they have met expectations.
What types of information should be included in a job description?
There are no specific requirements for a job description. However, it often includes the following:
- The main purpose of the role;
- Responsibilities of the job holder;
- Any skills and qualifications which are required;
- Days,hours and location of work - and if there are any flexible working opportunities;
- Salary and other benefits (company pension schemes, company car etc);
- Who the job holder will report to within the company; and
- Details of how to apply for the job.
What should I avoid putting in a job description?
To stay in line with employment law, employers must take care to ensure that nothing in a job description (and any other job advertisement materials) can be considered discriminatory. Under the Equality Act 2010, the protected characteristics are:
- Gender reassignment;
- Marriage and civil partnership;
- Pregnancy and maternity;
- Religion or belief;
- Sex; and
- Sexual orientation.
In general, these characteristics should not be taken into account in the selection process of a candidate; nor should a job description imply that any of these characteristics contribute to the selection criteria, either directly or indirectly. So, for example, phrases such as youthful go-getter or mature experienced should be avoided when describing an ideal candidate, as they could constitute age discrimination. However, if there is a genuine occupational requirement - such as if a young black male actor is required to play the role of a young black male character in a theatre production - this can be included in a job description.
Avoid the use of internal terminology and acronyms when preparing a job spec. Unless you are just recruiting internally for a position, remember that the candidates reading the job description will not be familiar with company specific terms.
Does a job specification have to reflect the terms of the employment contract?
Many of the terms contained in a job description will form the basis of the equivalent terms of a consequential employment contract. But, in order to allow some room for negotiation, its a good idea to keep terms of a job spec relatively open and flexible. For example, you can include a pay range (rather than a specific salary) and if you have several offices, you can state that the employee may need to work from any of those locations. If any terms contained in an employment contract differ from those in the job description, it is important that these terms are clearly pointed out to the employee before they sign the employment contract. Furthermore, you may want to include a flexibility clause as part of the job description, which states that terms are liable to change.
Ask a lawyer for:
- you are looking for a company director
- you are searching for a business partner
- you are advertising a position which will be primarily based outside England, Wales or Scotland