In the midst of making plans to spend the weekend out of town, it dawned on me, “Hey, I can probably pay significantly less than $200 a night (hotel price) by using Airbnb.” Turns out I was right. I quickly spotted a $79-a-night, one-bedroom apartment in a prime San Diego location and jumped on it. Then I thought, “Hey, I can probably rent out my San Francisco apartment that same weekend to offset some of my travel costs. Heck, I might even be able to turn a profit.” Brilliant, right? Well, maybe not.
After doing a little digging, I discovered (much to my dismay) that renting out my San Francisco apartment for just a few days is illegal. Then, I looked at my lease and found a “no subletting” clause staring me in the face. Double whammy!
So how is everyone renting out rooms on Airbnb and getting away with it? How is it all these people avoiding the dreaded eviction notice? Is it really only for owners who can spare the space?
Well, owners may not have it so easy either. According to Michael Bracamontes, Rocket Lawyer On Call real estate attorney, “If you own an apartment in San Francisco you should know it’s against the law to rent residential spaces for less than 30 days at a time. Violating this law can lead to some stiff penalties — fines of up to $1,000 per day or 6 months in jail. So, my advice to a San Francisco tenant is not to use Airbnb unless you want to risk your tenancy or get caught up in potential litigation.”
Property owners can, however, apply for a Bed & Breakfast License, but it can be costly — and it requires plenty of paperwork, plus hearings concerning zoning laws, and can take a year or more to get approval. Oh, and the taxman wants his cut too; as of late, San Franciscans renting out space through Airbnb are required to pay a 14% hotel tax.
If you’re a renter, you should know that most leases contain a clause prohibiting subletting; so making a buck or two on Airbnb could be a lease-breaker and possible grounds for eviction or legal action against you. It’s also worth mentioning that landlords are getting pretty wise to tenants renting out their places, especially for high-return city events like the Super Bowl, New Year’s Eve, and Mardi Gras. To be fair, it is extremely easy for owners to spot rentals on Airbnb, due mostly to the incredibly detailed descriptions people post, which usually include plenty of high-def pictures of the property.
So what’s Airbnb’s role in all of this? Are they essentially enabling landlords and tenants to break the law? Not exactly. Their policy explicitly states:
“If you’re an Airbnb host, you must make sure of the following:
you have all necessary permissions to offer your accommodations, including ensuring that your hosting activity (i) will not breach any agreements you have entered into with any third parties (such as any agreements or rules with a landlord or HOA) and (ii) will (a) be in compliance with all applicable laws, Tax requirements, and rules and regulations that may apply to your Accommodations, including, but not limited to, zoning laws and laws governing rentals of residential and other properties and (b) will not conflict with the rights of third parties”
Seems pretty clear.
But fear not, every county is unique. Although San Francisco is starting to collect a hefty “hotel tax”, Napa Valley property owners enjoy a pretty lax tax-free perk. After obtaining a vacation rental permit, landlords are allowed to rent out properties for up to 14 days a year without having to pay taxes or even report it to the IRS. That’s Airbnb-friendly, right?
However tempting it may be to rent out your place for a few extra bucks, the bottom line is, you should check your local county and city laws, including zoning and tax codes before making the Airbnb leap. And if you’re a tenant renting out your apartment, check with your landlord and review your lease before putting your space up for profit on Airbnb. Lastly, keep in mind some cities are currently revisiting the laws surrounding temporary rentals, so keep a sharp eye on city hall in the coming months.