The First Steps
Knowing how to file a FOIA request can be extremely useful if you're involved in certain historical or statistical projects. The first thing to know is that there is no specific FOIA form that you have to fill out—you basically just need to contact the agency with a written request. Your request should clearly state the nature of the information you're seeking and comply with the federal and agency requirements for FOIA. Be aware that FOIA only gives you access to information. The given agency will not help you analyze data, do research, or answer questions for you.
Typically, it takes a federal agency roughly a month to respond to a FOIA request, but it could take longer depending on the nature of information and the current backlog of requests. You can be granted expedited processing under special circumstances, but this is extremely rare. The FOIA website provides in-depth information about FOIA, as well as links to every agency's FOIA department. Most have web forms that could be considered the closest thing to an actual FOIA form but letters, emails, and fax requests are also readily accepted.
This article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Rocket Lawyer is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please ask a lawyer.