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If you're  thinking about hiring a lawyer, it's important to understand the ways that lawyers charge clients for their services. Generally, an attorney will choose one of four fee arrangements:

  • Hourly Rate
  • Contingency Fee
  • Flat Fee
  • Retainer

Below, you'll find an explanation of how each of these work. Make sure you have your agreement in writing before a lawyer takes your case.

Hourly Rate

Some attorneys charge by the hour. Although the actual rate varies dramatically depending on location, experience, and case type, it's important to note that you will not only pay for the hours your lawyer spends in court, but the time he or she spends researching, writing motions, meeting with opposing counsel, reviewing discovery, etc. Also, keep in mind you will pay for the lawyer's support staff, including paralegals and legal secretaries, though at a rate below what the lawyer themselves will charge. An experienced attorney should give you an estimate of the time he or she believes the case will take.

Contingent Fee

A contingent fee—sometimes referred to as working on "contingency"—means that your attorney will take a certain percentage of monetary settlements and damages you receive from your case. Contingent fees are typically charged in civil suits, such as medical malpractice and personal injury litigation. A typical fee is 33%, but can vary by state or by case.

Flat fee

For more cut-and-dry matters, attorneys will often charge a flat fee. Preparing a Living Will or a simple Bankruptcy are good examples. Although the fee should be laid out at the beginning of your relationship, make sure you understand what the fee does and does not cover. For example, in some instances, filing fees will not fall under the flat fee's umbrella.


Retainers can be more complicated. Typically, a retainer is lump sum you will pay up front from which the lawyer will deduct his or her hourly expenses. Often, your retainer reserves a certain amount of hours or services from your lawyer as well helping solidify the case-long relationship of the attorney and you, the client. There are many different kinds of retainers as well as different pay schedules, so make certain you understand your agreement up front.

Some of the above payment agreements are not applicable to all sorts of law. For example, a lawyer cannot charge you contingent fees if you're being charged in a criminal case, as you will not be awarded damages. Whichever fee agreement you select, make sure you understand it up front and get the parameters in writing.

This article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Rocket Lawyer is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please ask a lawyer.

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