Although outgoing adoptions are less frequent, an international adoption of a U.S. child will occur if there is a child in need of placement due to poor living conditions or orphan status. There will be a background study on the child and the U.S. will try to find domestic placement, but if this fails, foreign adoptive parents can provide a home for the U.S. child.

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Prospective parents of a Convention country will go through a home study, much as U.S. parents generally do. The prospective parents must be residents of that country and meet approval of the State with jurisdiction over the adoption.  Then they will be able to apply to adopt.  After the application is approved, the parents will submit to a home study and a criminal background check. Next, there will be a placement proposal based on the child’s best interests and a recommendation about whether the family will be a good match for the child.  Once approved, the prospective adopted parents can consent to the proposed adoption.  

Once the child is matched to adoptive parents, U.S. officials will try to obtain the right for the child to enter and live permanently in the receiving country.  The parents must petition a U.S. State adoption court for approval of the adoption.  After approval, they must apply for a U.S. Hague Adoption Certificate, which will be issued to them after approval.  At this point, the child will be allowed to emigrate to the receiving country.

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