It is important to understand your child’s medical history and learn if the environment they are about to enter in the U.S. will be suitable for them. As such, a physical examination is required by the Department of State.  You can find a list of physicians who can complete this examination within the child's home country by contacting a U.S. embassy or consulate.

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The main purposes of a medical examination is to detect contagious diseases and diagnose medical disabilities. If the child is age 15 or older, there must be a chest X-ray for tuberculosis and blood tests for syphilis and HIV, in addition to a cursory physical exam and a brief outline of the child’s medical history.

You will be notified if the child has a serious medical condition that makes the child ineligible for a visa.  If the illness is treated, a visa can still be granted.  Otherwise, the USCIS may also approve a waiver of ineligibility.  

After the initial medical examination, you should provide proper medical treatment and attention when your child arrives in the United States.  This required examination is brief and may not catch all the health issues of your prospective child, so it’s recommended that you get additional check-ups when the child is on U.S. soil.

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