Identical: Exactly the same.
Identification: Proof that a person, or a thing, is what it is represented to be.
Identity: The fact that a person or thing is the same as he or it is claimed to be.
Illegal: Contrary to law; unlawful.
Imperative: Commanding; something that must be done; mandatory.
Implication: Something that is assumed though not actually expressed. In a will, property may pass to an heir by implication without the heir being specifically named.
Implicit: Implied; not expressed; can be assumed based upon the surrounding circumstances of an event or agreement.
Implied: Intended, but not expressed in words. An implied agreement is one that the parties intend to implement but have not declared in a written document.
Impose: To tax; to levy; to place a burden upon someone, as in imposing a heavy fine.
Imprison: To place a person in jail; to restrain a person's liberty, against his will.
Improper: influence Bringing undue pressure to bear upon someone in order to get him/her to do something he/she would not ordinarily do.
Improvement: Anything that increases the value of property, such as installing air-conditioning in a building, etcetera.
In common: Something for the general use and enjoyment of all. The land, gardens, beaches, pools, etcetera, surrounding a condominium are in common, for the use of all tenant-owners.
In lieu of: Instead of.
In person: An individual who acts as his own attorney in a case is said to appear in person.
In re: In the matter of; concerning (Latin).
In trust: The status of property given over and entrusted to someone to guard and take care of. Money or property of an estate is held in custody, or in trust, by a trustee until it is turned over to an heir.
In witness whereof: An expression making it clear that someone signing a legal document is signing as a witness.
Incapacitated: Unable to perform one's usual functions or duties, due to a physical or mental disability.
Inception: The beginning; the commencement, as the start of an agreement or contract.
Inchoate: Unfinished; incomplete, as an agreement that has not been put into final form. Inchoate lien. A lien that has not yet been put into effect, as a tax lien prior to the time when a tax assessment has been made.
Inchoate interest: Ownership of an unfinished and/or undetermined claim or agreement.
Incident: 1. Anything that is connected with or is dependent upon another thing or event. 2. An event, a happening.
Income: The amount someone earns from a salary or from a business or profession. Gross income includes all moneys earned before expenses and taxes; net income is that which is retained after payment of all expenses and taxes.
Incompetent: Incapable; inefficient; lacking the qualities necessary to discharge one's obligations and duties.
Inconsistent: Contradictory; contrary; repugnant.
Incorporate: To form a corporation. Each state has its own laws of incorporation.
Increment: An increase; a steady growth; an enlargement.
Incurred: To have brought upon oneself; to have happen to oneself, such as a person who incurred an injury.
Indemnification: An agreement to financially protect or reimburse a person if the protected person suffers loss arising out of defined circumstances.
Indemnify: To financially protect or reimburse a person if the protected person suffers loss arising out of defined circumstances.
Indemnity: Insurance against a possible loss; security with compensation for damages or loss.
Independent contractor: Someone who is engaged to do a job or perform an act but who maintains control over how the job or act is to be carried out. In medical jurisprudence, a surgeon who agrees to perform a certain operation is an independent contractor.
Individual liability: The liability of a person, as distinguished from the obligations of a partnership, company, or corporation.
Industriously: Hard working; to be diligent about a task.
Ineligible: Not qualified; legally disqualified from holding a public office or trust.
Inevitable accident: An accident that is unavoidable, such as an accident due to an act of god (floods, lightning, earthquakes, tornadoes, etcetera); an accident that could not have been prevented no matter what precautions one had taken.
Informed consent: Assent given only after all the facts have been fully explained. Before undergoing surgery a patient should have all the possibilities explained to him/her. Then, informed consent can be given, or withheld.
Infringement of trademark: Deceiving the public by copying, or devising an almost identical copy of, a trademark.
Inherit: To receive money and/or property from someone who has died. Some may inherit as a result of a specific bequest in a will, or as a consequence of being a member of the family of a person who died without leaving a will.
Injunction: A restraining order issued by a judge that a person or persons can or cannot do a particular thing. For example, a judge may order a labor union not to strike until a court hearing can be held. Injunctions may be temporary or permanent.
Injury: Harm done to a person's physical or mental well-being; harm to one's pride or reputation; harm to one's rights and privileges. Often the harm has resulted from the violation of one's legal rights by another.
Inscription: 1. The registration or recording of a deed, a mortgage, or other document in a public record or registry. 2. A writing on a substance of permanency such as stone or metal.
Insolvency: Inability to pay debts, either by an individual, a company, or a corporation; bankruptcy.
Insolvent: Being unable to meet one's obligations and liabilities.
Installment: A regular, periodic, partial payment of a debt. Goods bought on installment plans are usually paid for by regular monthly payments.
Institute: To start, such as to commence a lawsuit.
Instruct: To transmit information to another person or persons, as when a judge instructs a jury, or an attorney instructs his client.
Instrument: A written document, such as a deed, a mortgage, a negotiable security, a contract, a will, etcetera.
Insured: The person who is entitled to the protection under an insurance policy.
Intangible personal property: Property that has no value in and of itself but which represents value. Franchises, stocks, bonds, promissory notes, etc., all fall into this category.
Intellectual Property: Property rights in trademarks, copyrights or patents.
Intent: The purpose in carrying out a particular act, such as criminal intent; design; resolve.
Interest: 1. The right to use or benefit from property of any kind. 2. The cost of using borrowed money.
Interference: 1. A wrongful act by a person who prevents or disturbs another in the performance of his usual activities, or in the conduct of his business. 2. In patent law, a situation wherein two people claim the rights to the same invention or discovery.
Intermediate: Taking place during the middle of, or between the beginning and end of a lawsuit or other pending matter; intervening.
Interpretation: The explanation of the true meaning of a statement or written document; a translation.
Intervention: An act wherein a third person seeks to become a party to a suit between two other persons. He may wish to join the plaintiff in pressing a suit against a defendant or he may wish to join the defendant against the plaintiff.
Intestate: Dying without leaving a valid will.
Inure: 1. To become effective; to come to one's benefit. 2. To become accustomed to.
Invalid: 1. Not valid; illegal; void; having no effect. 2. A permanently incapacitated person.
Invention: The creation of something new. Original inventions can be patented under the provisions of the patent laws.
Inventor: Someone who creates something new.
Invest: To place money in a business venture in the hope of making more money; the giving of money in exchange for securities; to use money to make more money.
Invoice: A list of merchandise sent to a consignee or purchaser containing the identities of the items sent and their prices.
Involuntary: 1. Against the will; without consent. 2. Unintentional, as an involuntary twitch of a muscle or an involuntary movement during sleep.
Irrevocable: Unable to be canceled or nullified.
Issue: 1. To come forth; to put out; to put into circulation. 2. A point of law about which there is controversy. 3. A matter to be decided by a court. 4. Stocks, bonds, or other securities that are offered for sale to the public. 5. Descendants, such as children, grandchildren, etcetera.
Itemize To record each item or article separately.
Legal Terms Beginning with the Letter I
Identical: Exactly the same.