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When are 2024 Q2 estimated taxes due?

The tax system in the U.S. is "pay as you go," so estimated taxes are due on a quarterly basis. The expectation is that each taxpayer will pay their estimated income and self-employment taxes due for the most recently-completed calendar quarter.   

The due date for the second quarter's taxes, covering the period of April 1 through May 31, 2024 is June 17, 2024.

Individuals impacted by severe winter storms, flooding, landslides and mudslides in parts of the country may have automatic tax extensions that apply to estimated tax payments. If you qualified for a disaster-related automatic tax extension for your April 15, 2024 tax filing deadline, you may also have an extension for your other tax deadlines as well.

In these situations, Q2 2024 estimated tax payments for qualifying individuals would not be due until the date provided by the IRS notice for each area. The IRS publishes these notices on their website and keeps an updated state-by-state list.

Calculating and paying Q2 estimated taxes

If you believe you owe quarterly estimated taxes, you can use IRS Form 1040-ES. You will need to calculate your estimated adjusted gross income for the year, your taxable income, estimated deductions, and credits in order to arrive at your estimated payment amount. 

It can help to use your last tax return as a guide to help determine these numbers, adjusting your estimated income amount for the year based on current projections. In the event you estimate too high or too low, you can adjust the calculations and quarterly remittance for the third quarter to compensate.

There are several ways you can remit your second quarter estimated tax payment. First, you can print and mail your 1040-ES form with a check. If you would rather pay online, you can do so using your bank account or with a credit or debit card (fees may apply). Another option is to pay using your phone or tablet using the IRS2Go app.

You could also use the IRS Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) to make federal tax deposits, installment agreement payments (if applicable), and quarterly estimated tax payments. In fact, you can use the EFTPS system to pay your estimated taxes more frequently than quarterly, making payments on a weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, or other periodic basis which may help some taxpayers with budgeting.

The consequences of not paying estimated taxes

It may be tempting to put off paying your quarterly estimated taxes, thinking you will simply pay all of your taxes when you file your 2024 tax return next year. This, however, could be a costly mistake. If you do not pay enough throughout the year, through tax withholding from an employer's wages or estimated tax payments directly to the IRS, you could be subject to underpayment penalties.

If, after factoring in taxes withheld and estimated payments, you owe less than $1,000 when filing your 2024 tax return or if the amount you paid was at least 90% of the taxes you owe for 2024 or 100% of the taxes owed for 2023, you will generally not face an underpayment penalty. Other limited exceptions may apply, including penalty waivers related to casualty losses, disasters, or other unusual circumstances that make the penalty inequitable, or if the underpayment was due to your retirement or disability and not willful neglect.

Plan ahead to meet your quarterly estimated payment obligations

Small business taxes can be confusing. Your state and local tax authorities may also require quarterly estimated payments, although the deadlines and methodology may differ from federal requirements. It is important to understand your obligations so you can be proactive about meeting them. 

If you need assistance calculating your estimated tax liability or have questions, ask a lawyer for help today. If you need tax help, Rocket Lawyer can now match you with a tax pro for affordable and convenient tax filing services.

This article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Rocket Lawyer is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please ask a lawyer.

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