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Start a New Mexico LLC for FREE*

Register your LLC in New Mexico for free with a Rocket Legal+ membership

Start an LLC in New Mexico
Register your New Mexico LLC with Rocket Legal+ and Start Up Confidently

Start Up Confidently with a new LLC in New Mexico

Get fast, personalized support to start your New Mexico LLC

FREE* with Rocket Legal+

Get your first business registration FREE* as a Rocket Legal+ member and stay compliant with HALF OFF services *See details

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We'll take care of your New Mexico LLC filing so you can focus on your business

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New Mexico LLC FAQs

  • How much can businesses save with Rocket Legal+?

    Businesses can save up to $2,500 per year with a Rocket Legal+™ membership. This calculation is based on total savings on an initial business registration and registered agent, trademark, and business tax filing services for Rocket Legal+ members (a total cost of $924.97) compared to Rocket Legal members (a total cost of $1,949.96). This is in addition to savings on the average cost of 5 hours for document preparation by a non-Rocket Lawyer network attorney at the average attorney hourly rate in the U.S. of $300 (an estimated cost of $1,500 when purchased without any form of Rocket Lawyer membership) compared to unlimited use of customizable business documents for both Rocket Legal+ and Rocket Legal members at no extra cost.

  • What is an LLC?

    LLCs are a type of business entity that have the key benefit of providing liability protection to its owners (referred to as members). This means the members’ personal assets are generally safeguarded against the company’s debts or legal disputes, except in cases where they may be personally liable under other laws. 

    In the state of New Mexico, an LLC is defined as “an organization formed pursuant to the provisions of the Limited Liability Company Act” (53-19-2(I)). That means an LLC in New Mexico is a company created within the state or a company that becomes subject to New Mexico’s state regulations surrounding LLCs (Article 19).

    LLCs are popular among business owners because they offer flexibility and simplicity in managing their operations. Owners have the option to decide whether the company will be managed by its members or by appointed managers. Additionally, compared to corporations, LLCs typically have fewer legal compliance requirements and a more straightforward operational structure. 

    Finally, LLCs allow business owners to pay taxes for business income as part of their individual taxes, although LLC owners may elect to pay their business taxes as a separate entity, similar to how a corporation is taxed. This can give business owners more flexibility to choose the tax classification that is right for them as they grow and evolve their business. 

  • Will starting an LLC protect my personal assets?

    LLCs can protect your personal assets against business debts and lawsuits in many cases, as long as you take careful steps to separate your business and personal affairs and maintain compliance.

    Here are some common ways to separate your affairs and stay compliant:

    • Take care to maintain separate bank accounts.
    • Keep your personal and business assets separate.
    • Keep records of your business matters.
    • Formally document business decisions.
    • Conduct business under your business name.
    • Uphold LLC compliance requirements in New Mexico, including:
      • Properly maintaining corporate records.

    If you don't maintain your compliance obligations or fail to properly separate your business and personal matters, then you may be opening yourself up to personal liability for business activities or responsibilities.

  • Why should I register for a New Mexico LLC?

    You may want to register for an LLC in New Mexico when:

    • You own or want to start a business in New Mexico, or want to expand an existing business into New Mexico, and want to stay legally compliant. 
    • You own or want to start a business, and want more flexibility on how you will manage the business or pay taxes than a corporation would provide.
    • You want to protect your personal assets from potential liability resulting from business you conduct in the state of New Mexico. 
    • You own or want to start a business, and want to register in New Mexico to open accounts, lease or buy property, secure funding, or hire employees.
  • How do I start an LLC in New Mexico?

    There are a few steps required to start your LLC in New Mexico, including:

    • Find a unique name for your LLC. New Mexico has a few requirements on business names, including a requirement to be unique. You can search the state of New Mexico's database of business entities in the state to ensure your business' name is unique. Rocket Lawyer can also help you identify a unique name when you register your business.
    • Provide a New Mexico address that will be used as your official LLC address. The address that you list may either be your home, an office, or another physical location, but it cannot be a PO box.
    • Appoint a registered agent. A registered agent is the person or company that serves as the contact point between the state and the LLC. The registered agent also receives official correspondence from other businesses. In many cases, you can act as your own registered agent if you have a business address in New Mexico, but you may consider using a registered agent service if you are not located in New Mexico or would like an extra layer of privacy. Rocket Lawyer can act as your registered agent or specify your registered agent when you register your LLC.
    • File your Articles of Organization with the state of New Mexico to register your LLC. Once you have a business name and registered agent identified, you can register your business as a New Mexico LLC with the New Mexico Secretary of State by filing your Articles of Organization. Rocket Lawyer can assist you in filing your LLC's Articles of Organization with the New Mexico Secretary of State.
    • Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The EIN is crucial for tax filing, payroll management, employee payments, and opening a business bank account. Rocket Lawyer can assist you with securing your LLC's EIN in order to do these vital business tasks.
    • Create your LLC Operating Agreement (Optional). In New Mexico, it is optional to have an LLC Operating Agreement, which helps govern the ownership structure, member rights and responsibilities, and decision-making process of your LLC, among other things.
  • What are Articles of Organization?

    To start an LLC in New Mexico, you must file a document called Articles of Organization with the state of New Mexico. This document may be referred to informally as an LLC's "Articles," or in other states, it may be called a "Certificate of Organization," "Certificate of Filing," or "Certificate of Formation."

    In New Mexico, you will need the following information to file your Articles of Organization:

    • The name of the LLC.
    • The LLC's business address.
    • The name and address of the LLC's registered agent.
    • The management structure (member-managed or manager-managed).
  • How much does it cost to start an LLC in New Mexico?

    In New Mexico, there are a few fees that you may be charged when you choose to start your LLC. They include the following:

    State fee: $50

    Rocket Lawyer filing fee: $0 $99.99

    • First filing FREE for RocketLegal+ members.
    • Get additional filings HALF OFF with RocketLegal+.

    Processing time: 3-5 business days

    Note: The above state fees and processing times are provided as a summary and may encompass various fees mandated by your state or local authorities. If you have questions, speak to a Rocket Lawyer representative to understand the costs and processing times that apply to your specific filing.

  • How much are LLC taxes in New Mexico?

    Taxes for your LLC will depend on how you file and how much your LLC earns.

    The default method for LLC taxes is called "pass-through taxes." This means that the profits and losses of the LLC are passed through to the individual members, who report them on their personal tax returns. The share of profits or losses each member receives and reports on their taxes is determined by the terms in the LLC's operating agreement. With pass-through taxes, the LLC itself does not file its own tax returns, and the owners only pay taxes on the business once. (Note: The term "pass-through taxes" is an informal term. Single-member LLCs are treated as a "disregarded entity" and taxed as a sole proprietorship, and LLCs with multiple members are treated as a partnership.)

    With pass-through taxes, Social Security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from the members' paychecks, so they are responsible for paying these as "self-employment taxes" instead. In addition to Social Security and Medicare taxes, LLC members will need to pay taxes as a percent of their share of profits every quarter as estimated taxes. LLC members can also deduct business expenses and losses from their personal tax returns, which can significantly reduce the amount of profits reported to the IRS.

    Alternatively, if the LLC members prefer not to utilize pass-through taxes, they have the option to elect for the LLC to be taxed as a corporation instead. This may be preferred when the corporate tax rate is lower. To elect a different tax classification, you need to file the necessary forms with the IRS.

    If you do not want to tackle your LLC's taxes alone, our Rocket Tax services can help you by gathering some information about your business and then matching you with the right tax professional.

  • What are the rules for naming an LLC in New Mexico?

    The state of New Mexico requires that the names of all LLCs in the state:

    • Shall contain the words "limited liability company" or "limited company" or the abbreviation "L.L.C.," "LLC," "L.C.," or "LC." The word "limited" may be abbreviated as "ltd." and the word "company" may be abbreviated as "co."
    • Are not too similar to existing LLCs in the state.

    Rocket Lawyer can help you determine whether your business' name is eligible for registration in New Mexico and may be able to help you reserve the name before you file your LLC.

  • I live outside of New Mexico. In which state do I file my LLC?

    Any LLC that does business in New Mexico must register with the State of New Mexico. New Mexico does not outline any specific actions that constitute transacting business, however, these actions, among others, are not considered to be doing business in New Mexico:

    • Maintaining, defending or settling any proceeding.
    • Holding meetings of its members or carrying on any other activities concerning its internal affairs.
    • Maintaining bank accounts.
    • Maintaining offices or agencies for the transfer, exchange and registration of the foreign limited liability company's own securities or interests or appointing and maintaining trustees or depositories with respect to those securities or interests.
    • Selling through independent contractors.
    • Soliciting or obtaining orders, whether by mail or through employees or agents or otherwise, if the orders require acceptance outside New Mexico before they become contracts.
    • Creating as borrower or lender or acquiring indebtedness or mortgages or other security interests in real or personal property.
    • Securing or collecting debts or enforcing rights in property securing debts.
    • Investing in or acquiring, in transactions outside New Mexico, royalties and other non operating mineral interests; executing division orders, contracts of sale and other instruments incidental to the ownership of such nonoperating mineral interests; and, in general, owning, without more, real or personal property.
    • Conducting an isolated transaction that is completed within thirty days and that is not one in the course of repeated transactions of a like nature.
    • Transacting business in interstate commerce.

    LLCs based in New Mexico are called "domestic LLCs," and out-of-state LLCs are called "foreign LLCs." Foreign LLCs and domestic LLCs may have different filing and compliance requirements -- Rocket Lawyer can help you navigate foreign LLC registration, regardless of where you live.

  • I live in New Mexico. Do I need to file my LLC in any other state?

    If you are planning to conduct business in another state, you may need to register an LLC in that state. Rocket Lawyer can help you determine which states you should register in. 

    Other states may have their own rules for taxing foreign LLCs that originate in New Mexico or domestic LLCs that also operate in New Mexico. Talk to an attorney to understand the tax requirements for the state(s) in which you plan to operate.

    CaliforniaMichiganRhode Island
    ColoradoMinnesotaSouth Carolina
    ConnecticutMississippiSouth Dakota
    IdahoNew HampshireVirginia
    IllinoisNew JerseyWashington D.C.
    IndianaNew MexicoWashington
    IowaNew YorkWest Virginia
    KansasNorth CarolinaWisconsin
    KentuckyNorth DakotaWyoming
  • Can I make a single-member LLC in New Mexico?

    Yes, LLCs with only one owner can still register their business in New Mexico. In this case, the LLC would be referred to as a single-member LLC (SMLLC), whereas if there is more than one owner, the LLC may be called a multi-member LLC. 

    The main difference between single-member and multi-member LLCs lies in ownership structure and management. With a single-member LLC, you have full control over the business. In contrast, a multi-member LLC has multiple owners, each with a specific percentage of ownership as defined in the operating agreement. This means that in a multi-member LLC, owners share profits, losses, and tax responsibilities based on their ownership percentage.

    However, many aspects of LLCs remain the same whether they are single-member or multi-member. Both types of LLCs default to pass-through taxation (though separate filing is an option), and owners can choose to manage the LLC themselves ("member managed") or hire designated managers to handle day-to-day operations ("manager managed").

  • What do I do after registering an LLC in New Mexico?

    After organizing an LLC in New Mexico, the state requires you to:

    • Establish a Registered Agent and Office: You'll need to have a Registered Agent and Office in New Mexico. We can help with our Registered Agent Services.

    Although not required, you may also want to:

    • Hold a meeting: A first meeting with members of an LLC is not required by law, but it is highly suggested in order to get organized. Also, unlike corporations, LLCs are also not required to maintain Meeting Minutes, but these documents are also recommended as they provide records for important decisions made.
    • Create an Operating Agreement: While creating an Operating Agreement is not mandatory, it's highly advisable. We can help you create your New Mexico LLC Operating Agreement online.
  • How do I maintain my LLC in New Mexico?

    An LLC is one of the easiest businesses to maintain. New Mexico does not require LLCs to file annual reports, so there is no regular maintenance in the form of annual reports required.

  • How do I keep my records for my LLC?

    The State of New Mexico requires the following information to be kept at the LLC's primary place of business:

    • A list of the names and last known mailing addresses of all present and former members and managers.
    • A copy of the company's articles of organization and all amendments put forth.
    • Copies of the company's federal, state and local income tax returns for the last three years.
    • Copies of the company's financial statements from the last three years.
    • Copies of all current and former Operating Agreements, including any amendments made to these agreements.
    • Unless included in your Operating Agreement or articles of organization, you'll need to keep the following records:
      • A current statement of any capital contributions members have made.
      • A statement of the services, cash and property that each member has agreed to contribute or contribute in the future. This should also include the outstanding principal balance of any promissory note attributed to a capital contribution as well as the amount of the capital contribution the member should be credited upon receiving said property or services.
      • A statement that specifies under which circumstances members will make additional contributions or withdrawals from capital.
      • Any other documents or writings that are required to be made available to members under the company's articles of organization or Operating Agreement.

    You'll also need to notify all members of the location of your records.

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