What is a 1099-K?
A 1099-K form is a tax document issued by many payment service providers when a person or business meets a certain threshold. It reports how much money a person or business receives for the goods or services they provide. If a person or business uses multiple payment services, each one will issue a separate 1099-K form that reports the payments made through that service. Individuals or businesses use the 1099-K forms when completing their taxes.
How has 1099-K reporting changed from the previous year?
Prior to the 2022 tax year, the payment threshold before a service provider had to report to the IRS was $20,000, and then only if the business or individual also had more than 200 transactions in the calendar year. The new $600 threshold for 1099-K forms, without an accompanying transaction minimum, represents a sharp decrease from prior tax years and will mean that many more individuals and businesses can expect to receive 1099-K forms in early 2023.
Interestingly, Zelle is not required to report transactions, meaning payments received via Zelle will not trigger a 1099-K. That’s because Zelle simply facilitates financial institution messaging without holding accounts or settling transactions like PayPal, Venmo, and Cash App.
To be clear, this amendment to the tax code does not change who will have to file tax returns and pay taxes on income. Small business owners, including those who make money through a side business or earn an income through rental property, are still responsible for accurately reporting their earnings and paying taxes on that income. The new rule, designed to help increase voluntary tax compliance and ensure income is reported appropriately, is effective for the 2022 tax year (for payments received January 1, 2022, or later).
Do I have to pay taxes when receiving money through PayPal and Venmo?
The short answer is yes, although it is important to understand that this is not a new tax on Venmo, PayPal, or Cash App transactions. Small business taxes are complex enough. Fortunately, this new rule does not change the amount of income tax you owe. Instead, the new, lower 1099-K reporting threshold is intended to help ensure small business owners and individuals with side businesses are reporting all of their income and paying taxes on that income.
Of course, many people use third-party payment services to transfer money for both business and personal reasons. Some payment apps and services allow people to indicate whether money sent is for personal use, which would not be subject to taxes, or for the payment of goods or services. To remain compliant when using these services, providers may want to make sure customers select the “Goods and Services” option when sending payments.
How does the new 1099-K requirement impact landlords?
Whether you own a multi-unit apartment building or simply rent out a room in your house, IRS rules state that you are required to report annual net earnings of at least $400 as income and pay all applicable taxes on it, including self-employment tax. The new 1099-K requirement is not a new tax imposed on individual landlords—it simply means that if you accept rent or other tenant payments through PayPal, Venmo, Cash App, or other similar services, you can expect to receive a 1099-K from the service provider after the close of the calendar year to help you accurately report all income received during the year.
The good news is that there are tax breaks and strategies for landlords that you may be able to use to lower the amount of income taxes you ultimately owe when it is time to file your end-of-year returns.
Another important note is that, unlike the 1099-NEC requirement for business owners who pay independent contractors, the 1099-K requirement is only imposed on third-party payment providers and not on landlords or other business owners. For example, if you pay an independent contractor landscaper $1,000 for completing a landscaping project using a third-party payment provider, you issue a 1099-NEC, while the payment provider issues the 1099-K.
Will I get a 1099-K for transactions that are not business-related?
You do not have to pay taxes on personal money transferred between friends and family. So, if you send your roommate your share of the utility bill or send a friend money to pay for half of a lunch outing, those payments are not taxable. As previously mentioned, when someone uses a service like PayPal or Venmo to pay for goods or services, the payer can code those payments as business-related, which helps the service provider distinguish between reportable and non-reportable payments.
Similarly, if you sell a household item and are paid using a third-party payment provider, you do not owe taxes on the amount of the payment – unless you are in the business of selling such items or are making a profit from the sale. In the event you do receive a 1099-K from PayPal or Venmo for transfers between friends and family, or for other non-taxable payments, you may not owe taxes on the reported amount. However, you may need to explain (and possibly prove) to the IRS that the money transfers were not income.
Do I have to pay taxes on an item I sold for less than its original value?
If you accept credit card payments or other money transfers through a third-party payment provider like PayPal or Venmo and the amount received is greater than $600, beginning in 2022, expect to receive a 1099-K after the end of the tax year. However, if the money you received was for an item you sold for less than its original value, the payment may not be taxable.
For example, imagine you bought a living room furniture set for $2,000 and sold it used for $1,000. If the buyer pays you through PayPal, you can expect to receive a 1099-K. However, you would not owe taxes on the amount of the sale. It is important to note here that the depreciation or loss, generally, will not be deductible.
What can I do if I haven’t been reporting potentially taxable 1099-K income?
If you have been receiving business-related payments for goods or services through PayPal, Venmo, Cash App, or other third-party payment services and have not been reporting that income or paying taxes on it, don’t panic. Tax legal help is available at your fingertips. You may be able to amend prior tax filings to fix past errors.
If you have questions about taxes when selling goods or services, or using third-party payment providers, reach out to a Rocket Lawyer On Call® attorney for affordable legal advice.
This article contains general legal information and does not contain legal advice. Rocket Lawyer is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. The law is complex and changes often. For legal advice, please ask a lawyer.