Most taxpayers claim the standard deduction — a fixed amount that reduces the income on which you are taxed. Here are the standard deduction amounts according to filing status.

  • Single or Married Filing Separately — $5,700
  • Married Filing Jointly or Qualifying Widow(er) — $11,400
  • Head of Household — $8,400

If you are 65 or older and Married Filing Jointly or a Qualifying Widower you can add $1,100 to these figures ($1,400 if you are single or the Head of Household). You can also add $1,100 (or $1,400, depending on your filing category) if you are blind.